WellesleyWeston Magazine

WINTER 2017/2018

Launched in 2005, WellesleyWeston Magazine is a quarterly publication tailored to Wellesley and Weston residents and edited to enrich the experience of living in two of Massachusetts' most desirable communities.

Issue link: https://wellesleywestonmagazine.epubxp.com/i/897427

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Page 69 of 195

their homeland in September 1939. Fearful for their safety once again, the Bussgang family left Romania and settled in Palestine in 1940. Jessica's father graduated from a high school for Polish refugees in Tel Aviv, and, instead of continuing his studies, he volunteered, at age 18, to join the Anders' Army. He trained to drive tanks in the desert near the Suez Canal, then entered into an accelerated officers school and earned the rank of cadet-officer. About 4,000 Jewish soldiers went with Anders from the USSR to Palestine. About one thousand remained in the Anders' Army and fought in Italy. The other 3,000 stayed in Palestine, including Menachem Begin, who became the sixth Prime Minister of to leave the Soviet Union for the Middle East, and then, went on to fight in Italy as part of the British 8th Army. General Anders led his victorious army in pivotal battles in Italy, the most famous of which was the Battle of Monte Cassino. After World War II ended, the Soviet-installed communist government of Poland deprived Anders of his Polish citizenship and his military rank. He resettled in Britain where he was a prominent member of the Polish Government-in-Exile. He lived in exile until 1970, and, according to his wishes, was buried in the Polish War Cemetery in Monte Cassino amongst his fallen soldiers. After the collapse of communist rule in Poland in 1989, the Polish government reinstated his citizenship and military rank posthumously. Now meet Jessica Bussgang Rosenbloom, whose father, Julian Bussgang, is a Holocaust survivor and Polish refugee. Julian Bussgang was born in 1925 in Lwów, Poland into an assimilated Jewish family that fled for Romania two weeks after the Nazis invaded top: General Władysław Anders bottom: The Polish 2nd Corps background: Map of the Anzio/Cassino area in Italy in 1943. Anzio is where the American troops landed to fight the Nazis in Italy. 68 W e l l e s l e y W e s t o n M a g a z i n e | w i n t e r 2 0 1 7 / 2 0 1 8 From Poland With Honor

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