WellesleyWeston Magazine

FALL 2013

Launched in 2005, WellesleyWeston Magazine is a quarterly publication tailored to Wellesley and Weston residents and edited to enrich the experience of living in two of Massachusetts' most desirable communities.

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The Wellesley Historical Society Walk Series and women of varying ages and talents who coalesced as a group at first sight. It was time to choose our first subject. top: A trolley on Washington Street in Wellesley Hills a sign welcomes travelers to the Wellesley Hills Train Station bottom: Today We identified an obvious route for the Early Industry walk. We'd pass over the footbridge near the fish ladder, walk among the How it came to be the center would be one aspect of the tale and how old mill buildings of Lower Falls, then follow the Charles River, radically and recently it changed—since 1900 to now—a second aspect. where the forerunner of the Crane paper company and a paint factory In the end, How Transportation Shaped Wellesley won out. The (resulting in the name of "Ledyard" for a street) were located. On the story was universal, yet specific. Travel by horseback, horse-drawn car- other hand, Higher Education was a tempting subject. Wellesley riage, train, car, and trolley, one after the other, was common all over College, now world-known, was founded by a town father, Henry the U.S. — but here a well-trod Indian path become Washington Fowle Durant, and his wife Pauline in 1870 when the idea of an all- Street, the privately owned Worcester Turnpike, built to speed coach woman's institution was revolutionary; plus there was Babson and travel, was opened and then abandoned 31 years later. (In the process Mass Bay. Also in the running was The Development of the Center. an elegant Inn at the Elm tree lined intersection of Route 16 with Route 9 was built, torn down, and became the clock-tower triangle.) And here, the crux of the story was the rails. It was the rails that put the turnpike out of business, that We l l e s l e y We s t o n M a g a z i n e | f a l l 2 0 1 3 attracted wealthy industrialists who set the town's upscale character and that brought hard-working immigrants to town. The rails even brought tramps, giving us a color- 112

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