WellesleyWeston Magazine

SPRING 2013

Launched in 2005, WellesleyWeston Magazine is a quarterly publication tailored to Wellesley and Weston residents and edited to enrich the experience of living in two of Massachusetts' most desirable communities.

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1856 1862 Ralph Jones, one of 12 Weston men who died in the Civil War 86. The publication of town reports in pamphlet form began in 1844. to West Cambridge was available by 1845 and to Boston by 1848. 87. The "Town House" of 1847 gave the town, for the first time, its own space to hold Town Meetings. 90. Rev. Dr. Edmund Hamilton Sears wrote the lyrics to the Christmas carol "It Came Upon a 88. George W. Cutting's general store, located Midnight Clear" when he was minister of First 92. The 1850 census lists 134 Irish immigrants, next to the 1847 Town Hall, sold "virtually everything Parish Church in Wayland. He later became about 11 percent of the population. that the average farm and household needed" minister in Weston. except perishable items. 89. Weston's first train station was on the Fitchburg (later Boston & Maine) rail line. Service 93. Up to 85 percent of New England had been 91. In the early 1850s, the town built six new one- cleared of trees by the mid-19th century, to create room district schoolhouses to replace antiquated fields and pastures and to harvest wood for fuel. buildings. Four are still extant. 94. Samuel Shattuck established a small manufactory on Crescent Street in 1854 to produce school desks and chairs. Finishing and assembly was done in Boston. 95. The first school for "larger scholars" was established in 1854 and located in the town hall. 96. The school committee wrote that by removing older students from district schools, the town saved money. This was because women were considered competent to teach the younger children and earned about a third of a male teacher's salary. 97. In 1857, Town Meeting voted to establish a library. It was open every other Saturday from 3:00 to 5:00 pm and every Saturday night from 7:00 to 9:00 pm. The library published its first catalog in 1859, listing 1,100 books. 98. Charles Merriam donated $1,000 for the purWe l l e s l e y We s t o n M a g a z i n e | s p r i n g 2 0 1 3 chase of books for the new library. Interest on this gift is still used for buying books. 99. In 1860, the town voted to build a new house on the poor farm. The committee reported: "We believe [the poor] should be provided with a warm and comfortable shelter, with wholesome food and proper raiment." 62

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