WellesleyWeston Magazine

SPRING 2013

Launched in 2005, WellesleyWeston Magazine is a quarterly publication tailored to Wellesley and Weston residents and edited to enrich the experience of living in two of Massachusetts' most desirable communities.

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1847 Town House is built 1860 Stereo card view of 1860 church, Old Town Hall, and Cutting's store One of Six One-Room District Schoolhouses (background) 61. The early 1800s was the "golden age of 70. The first summer residents and gentlemen 78. In 1837 the state legislature distributed the Weston retailing" according to historian Daniel farmers began to move quietly into Weston in the state's surplus revenue to cities and towns. Weston Lamson. Weston merchants supplied customers 1820s. One of the most prominent was John Mark received $2,259.17 and used it to pay off its debt, throughout the region until the coming of the Gourgas, descendant of a family of French leaving only $9.17. railroads. Huguenot nobles. He lived in the house now belonging to the Gifford School. 62. In 1802, the town voted to build an armory 79. Shoemaking was Weston's largest trade in 1837, when statistics were first collected for and powder-house for the deposit of arms and 71. Garfield's (later Foote's) Mill was established Massachusetts. That year 5,606 pairs of boots and ammunition. The building was located in the burying on North Avenue about 1821 using power from 17,182 pairs of shoes were made in Weston. ground and later used to store the hearse. Stony Brook to produce cider. George Garfield was also a blacksmith. 63. Also in 1802, Town Meeting voted that $60 be used for "the encouragement of singing." 80. Hay was the most important cash crop in the mid-19th century. 72. In the mid-1820s, First Parish voluntarily separated from the town and moved to a system 64. Weston celebrated its 100th anniversary with 81. In the years 1838 and 1839 there was a cru- of contributions from its own members. In 1833, sade against the sale of liquor. George W. Cutting, a sermon by Rev. Dr. Samuel Kendal, minister at Massachusetts amended its constitution, severing owner of Cutting's general store in Weston, was First Parish. the connection between church and state. arrested and taken to Cambridge jail. 65. When Reverend Joseph Field Jr. was 73. During the long ministry of Reverend Joseph 82. The Josiah Smith Tavern closed in 1838, ordained in February 1815, the thermometer read Field (1815 to 1869), First Parish moved without probably as a result of the temperance movement. eight degrees below zero and refreshments report- controversy from old style Congregationalism to That year, the state legislature passed the short- edly froze on the tables. Unitarianism. lived "fifteen-gallon law" prohibiting the purchase 66. In 1808, the Worcester Turnpike Corporation 74. The first railroad to pass through Weston was was established to build a direct route from the Boston and Worcester, in 1834. The nearest 84. The old First Parish meetinghouse was Roxbury to Worcester. Stagecoaches that had station was Wellesley Farms. demolished in 1840 to make way for a new church. of alcohol in quantities less than fifteen gallons. Two men climbed to the top of the lightning rod on used South Avenue took the new road through 75. Sibley Road is named for Nathaniel Sibley. the church steeple, drank a bottle of wine, and left With two partners, he established the Sibley mill Framingham, now known as Route 9. their tumbler on the rod. 67. In 1817, the town purchased 80 acres on complex on Boston Post Road at Stony Brook. Conant Road for a poor farm to replace the earlier Their machine shop specialized in making looms 83. In 1840, 11 "guide-boards" (street signs), workhouse on School Street. Between one and six and machinery for cotton textile mills. were erected in Weston in accordance with a new state law. We l l e s l e y We s t o n M a g a z i n e | s p r i n g 2 0 1 3 paupers lived there at any one time. 76. Samuel Bingham's mill on Crescent Street 68. The record for the longest stay at the poor produced the "Bingham butter and cheese drill," 85. When the new First Parish Church was being farm goes to Cooper Garfield, who died at age 100 used to take core sections to test for quality. planned, the town requested that it include a base- after living there for 35 years. ment that the town would own, to be used for town offices and Town Meeting. This idea was later 69. In 1820, Dr. Benjamin James contracted 77. In 1837 the town voted to buy a new and "respectable" hearse. It was kept in the church abandoned. with the town for $50 to inoculate residents with shed. cowpox. 60

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